Your Baby’s First Year

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Immediately they are delivered, babies are observing and absorbing everything and everyone they come in contact with. They are likely to recognize your face and voice, here is a peek at what to expect from them as the weeks and months roll by.

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Week 1:              Makes so much noise or cries a lot

Week 2:             They are tiny but can eat a lot

Week 3-4:          Starts making small sounds (babbling)

Week 5:             Starts smiling a lot

Week 6:              Starts moving the fingers

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End of First Month:

  • Lifts head for short periods of time
  • Head movement
  • Makes jerky, arm movements
  • Brings hands to face
  • Strong reflex movement
  • May turn towards familiar sounds or voices
  • Responds to loud sounds and bright lights

End of Second Month:

  • Smiles
  • Tracks objects with his eyes
  • Makes noises other than crying
  • May repeat words, such as “ah” or “ooh”

End of Third Month:

  • Raises head and chest when put on tummy
  • Lifts head up 45 degrees
  • Opens and shuts hands
  • Reaches for dangling objects
  • Grasps and shakes hand toys
  • Tracks moving objects
  • Imitates sounds
  • Recognizes familiar objects and people.
  • Develops a social smile
  • Brings both hands together and kicks legs energetically
  • Holds head up with control

End of Fourth Month:

  • May sleep about six hours at night before waking (total sleep typically 14 to 17 hours)
  • Rolls over (usually stomach to back is first)
  • Sits with support
  • Lifts head up 90 degrees
  • Can follow a moving object for a 180-degree arc
  • Babbles and amuses self with new noises
  • Explores objects with his mouth
  • Recognizes a bottle or breast
  • Communicates pain, fear, loneliness and discomfort through crying
  • Responds to a rattle or bell

End of Fifth Month:

  • Pays attention to small objects
  • Can see across the room
  • Begins to use hands in a raking fashion to bring toys near
  • Begins teething process

End of Sixth Month:

  • Keeps head level when pulled to sitting position
  • Sits by self with minimal support
  • Opens mouth for spoon
  • Reaches for and grabs objects
  • Rolls over and back
  • Drinks from a cup with help and can hold bottle
  • Copies some facial expressions
  • Makes two-syllable sounds

End of Seventh Month:

  • Can self-feed some finger foods
  • Makes wet razzing sounds
  • Turns in the direction of a voice
  • Imitates many sounds
  • Distinguishes emotions by tone of voice

End of Eighth Month:

  • Chews on objects
  • Reaches for utensils when being fed
  • Turns head away when finished eating
  • May sleep between 11 and 13 hours a night; takes 2 to 3 naps (may vary)
  • Rolls all the way around
  • Sits unsupported
  • Gets on arms and knees in crawling position
  • Has specific cries for various needs
  • Babbles enthusiastically
  • Tests gravity by dropping objects over edge of high chair
  • Responds to own name
  • Has different reactions for different family members
  • Shows some anxiety when removed from parent

End of Ninth Month:

  • Reaches for toys
  • Drops objects and then looks for them
  • Becomes interested in grabbing the spoon during feeding
  • Picks up tiny objects
  • Begins to identify self in a mirror’s reflection

End of Tenth Month:

  • Gets upset if toy is removed
  • Transfers object from hand to hand
  • Stands holding onto someone
  • Pulls to standing

End of Eleventh Month:

  • Says “ma-ma” and “pa-pa”
  • Understands “no”
  • Claps hands
  • Waves bye-bye

End of Twelfth month:

  • May take one to two naps daily
  • Triples birth weight and is 29 to 32 inches long
  • Bangs two cubes together
  • Voluntarily lets objects go
  • Shakes head “no”
  • Has fun opening and closing cabinet doors
  • Crawls well
  • Walks with adult help
  • Says “ma-ma” and “pa-pa”
  • “Dances” to music
  • May understand some simple commands
  • Fearful of strangers
  • May form attachment to an item
  • Pushes away what he doesn’t want
  • Pulls off hat and socks
  • Extends arm or leg when getting dressed
  • Identifies self in mirror

Many factors, including genetics, influence when a child reaches a milestone. For example, a heavier baby may be slower to crawl, and a child growing up in a bilingual home or with a precocious older sibling may talk later than average. Moreover, development can be uneven because babies don’t put the same energy into all areas at the same time. So, a baby who talks early may be slower to master physical features. Remember, these are just guidelines, and a healthy child may achieve a milestone later than average. If your child is lagging in several areas, contact your pediatrician for advice.

 

References:

http://www.whattoexpect.com/first-year/month-by-month.aspx

http://www.today.com/parents/babys-developmental-milestones-first-year-I127191

http://www.parents.com/baby/development/growth/baby-first-year/

http://www.fitpregnancy.com/baby/health-development/baby-steps

 

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